2C-D is a short acting psychedelic drug of the 2C-X family. The effects of 2C-D are usually compared to 2C-B (although not as visual as 2C-B) or other psychedelic stimulants and sometimes to MDMA (ecstasy). Its effects are generally considered milder than 2C-B, LSD, or MDMA. 2C-D is also known for the strong body component of its effects which are alternately described as pleasurable energy or a 'sense of being in the body', and by others as an unpleasant 'buzzing' or body-load, which is mostly occurring during onset. Shulgin himself referred to this substance as a “pharmacological tofu,” meaning that when mixed with other substances, it can extend or potentiate their effects without coloring the experience too much, in a manner similar to how tofu absorbs the flavors of sauces or spices it is cooked with. Some people have claimed 2C-D is relatively uninteresting on its own, but many other users have strongly disagreed with this assessment and believe instead 2C-D to be a true psychedelic in its own right.


It was first synthesized in 1970 by a team from the Texas Research Institute of Mental Sciences, and its activity was subsequently investigated in humans by Alexander Shulgin.


Threshold 3-4mg
Light 5-15mg
Common 20-50mg
Strong 50-100mg

Dosages from TripSit Factsheets


Onset 15-45 minutes.
Total 3-5 hours.



  • Euphoria
  • Giggling
  • Empathy
  • Personal Insight
  • Enhanced Colors
  • Closed and Open Eye Visuals
  • Enhanced Tactile Sensation
  • Spontaneity


  • Decreased Appetite
  • Pupil Dilation
  • Time Dilation
  • Mild elevation in heart rate


  • Restlessness
  • Sweating/Chills
  • Nausea
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle Tension
  • Confusion
  • Motor impairment
  • Anxiety

Chemistry and Pharmacology

  • IUPAC: 1-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-Methylphenyl)-2-aminoethane
  • Other names: 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methyl-phenthylamine
  • CAS# 25505-65-1


Like most psychedelic drugs, 2C-D is a 5-HT2a AgonistA substance that initiates a physiological response when combined with a receptor.; from that, we can presume the concurrent or pre-administration of SSRIs may reduce the effects of 2C-D. The 2C-X family, specifically, 2C-E, 2C-I, and 2C-C all stimulated G protein binding, suggesting more of an activity similar to tryptamines such as 5-MeO-DMT and, interestingly, DPTDipropyltryptamine. G Proteins are membrane proteins that effectively mediate interaction between hormone receptors and enzymes responsible for changes of metabolism as a result of hormonal changes.

In rats, Stage I metabolism involved deamination and O-Demthylation, which are related to the Monoamine oxidase (MAOMonoamine Oxidase, an enzyme that catalyses the metabolism of many drugs (e.g., DMT, dopamine and serotonin).) and cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. For virtually all the 2C’s, (B,I,D,E,T-2, and T-7), MAOMonoamine Oxidase, an enzyme that catalyses the metabolism of many drugs (e.g., DMT, dopamine and serotonin).-A and MAOMonoamine Oxidase, an enzyme that catalyses the metabolism of many drugs (e.g., DMT, dopamine and serotonin).-B were reacted upon; interestingly, ½ of the molecules in Shulgin’s Magical Half Dozen (2C-E, 2C-T-2, 2C-T-7, with the addition of 2C-D) also act to a small extent on the CYP2D6 enzyme. Because of the commonality of these receptors, the 2C-X family is likely to be more reactive with other concurrently administered chemicals.

Harm Reduction

2C-D is one of the safer psychedelics, with several reported cases of users far exceeding commonly used dosing limits without lasting adverse physical effects. It is also observed to have a low addiction potential. It is a stimulating psychedelic, and therefore it's important to remain hydrated. Refer to Psychedelic Harm Reduction for more information.

Legal Status

  • Denmark: 2C-D is added to the list of Schedule B controlled substances.
  • Sweden: Sveriges riksdags health ministry Statens folkhälsoinstitut classified 2C-D as "health hazard" under the act Lagen om förbud mot vissa hälsofarliga varor (translated Act on the Prohibition of Certain Goods Dangerous to Health) as of March 1, 2005, in their regulation SFS 2005:26 listed as 2,5-dimetoxi-4-metylfenetylamin (2C-D), making it illegal to sell or possess.
  • United States: Schedule I (Illegal to produce, supply, or possess)



2C-D Erowid Vault

PiHKAL entry

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