|Many species of this genus, which encompasses
some 1,300 species and is found throughout the
world, are said to be psychoactive (Schultes and
Farnsworth 1982, 188*; Schultes and Hofmann
1992, 56*) or are at least associated with psychoactive
plants or preparations (see Lophophora
williamsii, Trichocereus pachanoi). The Mexican
species Senecio cardiophyllus Hemsl. is even
referred to as peyote (Martinez 1994,384*). Many
Senecio species are used in South America as ritual
incense (Aldunate et al. 1981*). In the Andes
regions, they are known as cundur-cundur and
appear to be mythologically associated with the
condor, an animal sacred to the Indians. A Senecio
species known as chula-chula is chewed together
with coca (see Erythroxylum coca). Many Senecio
species contain alkaloids of the pyrrolizidine type
(Roder and Wiedenfeld 1977; Schultes and
Hofmann 1992, 56*). Cyanoglycosides have also
been found (Schultes 1981, 43*). The alkaloid
jacobine, together with other pyrrolizidines,
passes into the honey that is produced from these
plants (Frohne and pfander 1983,66*).
In Nepal, various yellow-blooming crucifers
are used as ritual offerings. A psychoactive use isunknown.
Roder, Erhard, and Helmut Wiedenfeld. 1977.
Isolierung und Strukturaufklarung des Alkaloids
Fuchsisenesionin aus Senecio fuchsii.Phytochemistry 16:1462-63.