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= General Information =
== General Information ==
+
 
+
 
Methamphetamine is a strong physical and mental stimulant available in both prescription and street forms. It is relatively easy to synthesize which has contributed to its widespread use.
 
Methamphetamine is a strong physical and mental stimulant available in both prescription and street forms. It is relatively easy to synthesize which has contributed to its widespread use.
  
=== History ===
+
== History ==
 
Amphetamine, discovered before methamphetamine, was first synthesized in 1887 in Germany by Romanian chemist Lazăr Edeleanu who named it phenylisopropylamine. Shortly after, methamphetamine was synthesized from ephedrine in 1893 by Japanesechemist Nagai Nagayoshi. Three decades later, in 1919, methamphetamine hydrochloride was synthesized by pharmacologist Akira Ogata via reduction of ephedrine using red phosphorus and iodine. During World War II, methamphetamine was used extensively by the Axis forces for its stimulant effects. Obetrol, patented by Obetrol Pharmaceuticals in the 1950s and indicated for treatment of obesity, was one of the first brands of pharmaceutical methamphetamine products. Due to the psychological and stimulant effects of methamphetamine, Obetrol became a popular diet pill in America in the 1950s and 1960s. Eventually, as the addictive properties of the drug became known, governments began to strictly regulate the production and distribution of methamphetamine. For example, during the early 1970s in the United States, methamphetamine became a schedule II controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act. Currently, methamphetamine is sold under the trade name Desoxyn, trademarked by the Danish pharmaceutical company Lundbeck. As of January 2013, the Desoxyn trademark had been sold to Italian pharmaceutical company Recordati.
 
Amphetamine, discovered before methamphetamine, was first synthesized in 1887 in Germany by Romanian chemist Lazăr Edeleanu who named it phenylisopropylamine. Shortly after, methamphetamine was synthesized from ephedrine in 1893 by Japanesechemist Nagai Nagayoshi. Three decades later, in 1919, methamphetamine hydrochloride was synthesized by pharmacologist Akira Ogata via reduction of ephedrine using red phosphorus and iodine. During World War II, methamphetamine was used extensively by the Axis forces for its stimulant effects. Obetrol, patented by Obetrol Pharmaceuticals in the 1950s and indicated for treatment of obesity, was one of the first brands of pharmaceutical methamphetamine products. Due to the psychological and stimulant effects of methamphetamine, Obetrol became a popular diet pill in America in the 1950s and 1960s. Eventually, as the addictive properties of the drug became known, governments began to strictly regulate the production and distribution of methamphetamine. For example, during the early 1970s in the United States, methamphetamine became a schedule II controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act. Currently, methamphetamine is sold under the trade name Desoxyn, trademarked by the Danish pharmaceutical company Lundbeck. As of January 2013, the Desoxyn trademark had been sold to Italian pharmaceutical company Recordati.
  
== Dosage ==  
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= Dosage =
  
=== Oral ===
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== Oral ==
Oral: Light 5-15mg
+
  
Common 10-30mg
+
Light: 5-15 mg
  
Strong 20-60mg
+
Common: 10-30 mg
  
Heavy 40-150mg
+
Strong: 20-60 mg
  
===Insufflated===
+
Heavy: 40-150+ mg
Light 5-15mg
+
  
Common 10-40mg
+
== Insufflated ==
  
Strong: 30-60mg
+
Light: 5-15 mg
 +
 
 +
Common: 10-40 mg
 +
 
 +
Strong: 30-60 mg
  
 
Heavy: 50mg+
 
Heavy: 50mg+
  
===Smoked===
+
== Smoked ==
Light 5-10mg
+
  
Common: 10-20mg
+
Light: 5-10 mg
  
Strong 30-60mg
+
Common: 10-20 mg
 +
 
 +
Strong 30-60 mg
  
 
Heavy: 50mg+
 
Heavy: 50mg+
  
===Intravenous (IV)===
+
== Intravenous (IV) ==
  
Light: 5-10mg
+
Light: 5-10 mg
  
Common: 10-40mg
+
Common: 10-40 mg
  
 
Strong 30-60mg
 
Strong 30-60mg
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Heavy: 50-100mg
 
Heavy: 50-100mg
  
== Duration ==
+
= Duration =
 +
 
 +
== Oral ==
  
===Oral===
 
 
Onset: 20-70 minutes
 
Onset: 20-70 minutes
  
Total duration: 3-5 hours
+
Total: 3-5 hours
 +
 
 +
== Insufflated ==
  
===Insufflated===
 
 
Onset: 5-10 minutes
 
Onset: 5-10 minutes
  
Total duration: 2-4 hours
+
Total: 2-4 hours
 +
 
 +
== Smoked ==
  
===Smoked===
 
 
Onset: 0-2 minutes  
 
Onset: 0-2 minutes  
  
Total duration: 1-3 hours
+
Total: 1-3 hours
  
===Intravenous (IV)===
+
== Intravenous (IV) ==
Onset: 0-2 minutes
+
  
Total duration: 4-8 hours
+
Onset: 0-2 minutes
  
 +
Total: 4-8 hours
  
== Effects ==  
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= Effects =
===Positive===
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== Positive ==
  
 
*Increased energy, alertness
 
*Increased energy, alertness
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*Increased libido
 
*Increased libido
  
===Neutral===
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== Neutral ==
  
 
*Excessive talking
 
*Excessive talking
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*Dilated pupils
 
*Dilated pupils
  
===Negative===
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== Negative ==
  
 
*Weight loss
 
*Weight loss
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*Liver damage
 
*Liver damage
  
==Links==
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= Links=
  
 
http://science.howstuffworks.com/meth3.htm
 
http://science.howstuffworks.com/meth3.htm

Revision as of 20:06, 2 April 2014

General Information

Methamphetamine is a strong physical and mental stimulant available in both prescription and street forms. It is relatively easy to synthesize which has contributed to its widespread use.

History

Amphetamine, discovered before methamphetamine, was first synthesized in 1887 in Germany by Romanian chemist Lazăr Edeleanu who named it phenylisopropylamine. Shortly after, methamphetamine was synthesized from ephedrine in 1893 by Japanesechemist Nagai Nagayoshi. Three decades later, in 1919, methamphetamine hydrochloride was synthesized by pharmacologist Akira Ogata via reduction of ephedrine using red phosphorus and iodine. During World War II, methamphetamine was used extensively by the Axis forces for its stimulant effects. Obetrol, patented by Obetrol Pharmaceuticals in the 1950s and indicated for treatment of obesity, was one of the first brands of pharmaceutical methamphetamine products. Due to the psychological and stimulant effects of methamphetamine, Obetrol became a popular diet pill in America in the 1950s and 1960s. Eventually, as the addictive properties of the drug became known, governments began to strictly regulate the production and distribution of methamphetamine. For example, during the early 1970s in the United States, methamphetamine became a schedule II controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act. Currently, methamphetamine is sold under the trade name Desoxyn, trademarked by the Danish pharmaceutical company Lundbeck. As of January 2013, the Desoxyn trademark had been sold to Italian pharmaceutical company Recordati.

Dosage

Oral

Light: 5-15 mg

Common: 10-30 mg

Strong: 20-60 mg

Heavy: 40-150+ mg

Insufflated

Light: 5-15 mg

Common: 10-40 mg

Strong: 30-60 mg

Heavy: 50mg+

Smoked

Light: 5-10 mg

Common: 10-20 mg

Strong 30-60 mg

Heavy: 50mg+

Intravenous (IV)

Light: 5-10 mg

Common: 10-40 mg

Strong 30-60mg

Heavy: 50-100mg

Duration

Oral

Onset: 20-70 minutes

Total: 3-5 hours

Insufflated

Onset: 5-10 minutes

Total: 2-4 hours

Smoked

Onset: 0-2 minutes

Total: 1-3 hours

Intravenous (IV)

Onset: 0-2 minutes

Total: 4-8 hours

Effects

Positive

  • Increased energy, alertness
  • Sleep suppression
  • Increased sociability
  • Mood elevation
  • Increased libido

Neutral

  • Excessive talking
  • Decreased appetite
  • Sweating
  • Dilated pupils

Negative

  • Weight loss
  • Disturbed sleep patterns, Insomnia
  • Bruxia
  • Drying of oral mucosa
  • Loss of appetite
  • Visual and auditory hallucinations
  • Itchiness
  • Aggressiveness
  • Moodiness, Irritability, Anxiety
  • Increased heart rate, Irregular heart rhythm
  • Excessive sweating, Dehydration
  • Fatal kidney disorder
  • Possible brain damage
  • Liver damage

Links

http://science.howstuffworks.com/meth3.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methamphetamine

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