|It has recently been discovered that the Ecuadoran
Quecha use a tree that they call anya huapa,
huachig caspi, huapa, llauta caspi, or machin cara
yura ("monkey bark tree") as a hallucinogen. It is
possible that this tree was already in use for this
purpose in pre-Columbian times, for the informants explained that their ancestors used this
plant to communicate with phantoms and spirits.
The red sap from the trunk, which is ingested
orallyRoute of administration in which the subject swallows a substance., must be boiled before use and is sometimes
mixed with guando (Brugmansia spp.) and tzicta
(Tabernaemontana sananho Ruiz et Pav.; see
Tabernaemontana spp.). The Quechua drip some
of the red sap into the nostrils of their dogs so that
they are better able to hunt. A chemical quick test
(Dragendorff test) has confirmed the presence of
alkaloids (Bennett and Alarcon 1994). The Maku
Indians drink the sap of the tree, which they call
tugnebanpe, to treat colds (Prance 1972a, 20*). In
the region around Manaus, the leaves are smoked
as a treatment for asthma (Schultes 1978b, 230*;1983b,347*).
Bennett, B. C., and Rocio Alarcon. 1994.
Osteophloeum platyspermum and Virola duckei
(Myristicaceae): Newly reported as hallucinogens
from Amazonian Ecuador. Economic Botany 48(2): 152-58.