General Information

Classification: Depressant

Alcohol is a CNSCentral Nervous System depressant that acts through the GABAa receptor, and is one of the most common strong psychoactives used by humans. It has a long history of use and its intoxicating effects are well-studied and -documented.

History

Dosage

Oral

Effects

Positive

  • relaxation
  • mood lift, happiness, giddiness
  • increased sociability
  • lowered inhibitions / reduced social anxiety
  • analgesia (kills pain)

Neutral

  • slurred speech
  • flushed skin
  • drowsiness, sleepiness
  • nystagmus, difficulty focusing eyes
  • changed (often increased) response to sexual stimuli
  • tolerance with repeated use within a few days
  • changed aesthetic appreciation: normally beautiful things can seem *ugly, things normally seen as ugly judged beautiful.
  • "beer goggles" — others appear more attractive
  • mild visual distortions at high doses

Negative

(negative side effects increase with higher doses)

  • decreased coordination
  • nausea, vomiting (vomiting while unconscious can kill)
  • reduced impulse control
  • emotional volatility (anger, violence, sadness, etc)
  • reduced ability to attain/maintain erection in most males
  • increased difficulty in achieving orgasm in some females
  • frequent urination (more with beer or wine), diuretic effect
  • dizziness and confusion
  • blackouts and memory loss at high doses
  • coma and death at extreme doses
  • brain and liver damage (cirrhosis) with heavy use
  • lowered inhibitions and increased confusion can lead to unwanted and *negative sexual encounters (date rape)
  • hangover, lasting 12-36 hours, from mild to severe after heavy use
  • fetal damage in pregnant women at high dose or frequency

After effects

  • "Hangover"
  • Afterglow
  • Long term effects

Harm Reduction

  • Avoid driving and operating heavy machinery
  • Recommended time (pauses) between using the substance
  • Addiction potential

Chemistry and Pharmacology

Legal

Europe

America

Asia

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