m (Reverted edits by Dumbdumb123 (talk) to last revision by Medic)
 
(9 intermediate revisions by 5 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[File:Adderall.jpg|thumb|400px|Several 10mg Adderall IR pills]]
+
[[File:Adderall.jpg|thumb|400px|left|Several 10mg Adderall IR pills]]
 
Adderall is a commonly prescribed stimulant to treat ADHD and ADD. Adderall is a 3:1 mixture of dextroamphetamine and levoamphetamine. Adderall is commonly found in two forms, IR and XR. IR is instant release, while XR is extended release. Adderall XR releases half of the dosage immediately, and the other half 4 hours later. Adderall, containing [[Amphetamine|amphetamine]], is exceedingly similar to other forms of the substance, though with Adderall the constitution and doses are known.
 
Adderall is a commonly prescribed stimulant to treat ADHD and ADD. Adderall is a 3:1 mixture of dextroamphetamine and levoamphetamine. Adderall is commonly found in two forms, IR and XR. IR is instant release, while XR is extended release. Adderall XR releases half of the dosage immediately, and the other half 4 hours later. Adderall, containing [[Amphetamine|amphetamine]], is exceedingly similar to other forms of the substance, though with Adderall the constitution and doses are known.
  
==History==
+
== History ==
  
 
Adderall was originally developed from an amphetamine blend drug called Obetrol, prescribed for obesity and weight loss. This drug was a mix of racemic amphetamine (dl-amphetamine), d-amphetamine, and racemic methamphetamine. This made sense, as it was for weight loss, so the peripheral effects of l-amphetamine were actually useful as an anorexic and as a thermogenic. It was later reformulated without the methamphetamine, but also without FDA approval. When Richwood Pharmaceuticals bought Rexar, the company making Obetrol, they rebranded the reformulated Obetrol (without the methamphetamine) as Adderall, and began marketing it for ADD/ADHD.
 
Adderall was originally developed from an amphetamine blend drug called Obetrol, prescribed for obesity and weight loss. This drug was a mix of racemic amphetamine (dl-amphetamine), d-amphetamine, and racemic methamphetamine. This made sense, as it was for weight loss, so the peripheral effects of l-amphetamine were actually useful as an anorexic and as a thermogenic. It was later reformulated without the methamphetamine, but also without FDA approval. When Richwood Pharmaceuticals bought Rexar, the company making Obetrol, they rebranded the reformulated Obetrol (without the methamphetamine) as Adderall, and began marketing it for ADD/ADHD.
  
= Dosage =
+
== Dosage ==
  
 
Adderall XR is extended release Around 50% of the dose is released instantly, the other half over the next four hours. Effects take a while to begin, and last much longer.
 
Adderall XR is extended release Around 50% of the dose is released instantly, the other half over the next four hours. Effects take a while to begin, and last much longer.
Line 34: Line 34:
 
|}
 
|}
  
= Duration =
+
== Duration ==
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
Line 56: Line 56:
 
|}
 
|}
  
= Effects =
+
== Effects ==
  
== Positive ==
+
=== Positive ===
  
 
* Increased focus
 
* Increased focus
Line 66: Line 66:
 
* Increased motivation
 
* Increased motivation
  
== Negative ==  
+
=== Negative ===  
  
 
* Racing thoughts
 
* Racing thoughts
Line 77: Line 77:
  
 
* Tachycardia (Elevated heart rate)
 
* Tachycardia (Elevated heart rate)
 +
 +
*Hypertension (High blood pressure)
  
 
* Paranoia
 
* Paranoia
Line 82: Line 84:
 
* Insomnia
 
* Insomnia
  
== After effects ==
+
=== After effects ===
  
 
* Hangover
 
* Hangover
Line 92: Line 94:
 
* Persisting stimulation (5-15 hours after last dose)
 
* Persisting stimulation (5-15 hours after last dose)
  
= Harm Reduction =
+
== Harm Reduction ==
  
 
* Avoid driving and operating heavy machinery
 
* Avoid driving and operating heavy machinery
Line 100: Line 102:
 
* Adderall can be extremely addictive, and abuse can lead to stimulant psychosis, a very dangerous disorder.
 
* Adderall can be extremely addictive, and abuse can lead to stimulant psychosis, a very dangerous disorder.
  
== Detection Times ==
+
=== Detection Times ===
  
 
* Blood: 12 hours
 
* Blood: 12 hours
Line 110: Line 112:
 
* Urine: 1-4 days
 
* Urine: 1-4 days
  
= Interactions =
+
=== Interactions ===
  
 
Adderall can interact negatively with many drugs mainly tramadol, APAP, buproprion, and many anti-depressants.
 
Adderall can interact negatively with many drugs mainly tramadol, APAP, buproprion, and many anti-depressants.
Line 116: Line 118:
 
Adderall mixed with downers like Benzodiazepines can also cause adverse reactions.  
 
Adderall mixed with downers like Benzodiazepines can also cause adverse reactions.  
  
= Legal status =
+
== Legal status ==
  
 
* Canada: Schedule I
 
* Canada: Schedule I
  
* Great Britain: Class B
+
* UK: Class B
  
 
* Thailand: Category 1
 
* Thailand: Category 1
Line 126: Line 128:
 
* United States: Schedule II
 
* United States: Schedule II
  
= Links =
+
== Links ==
  
 
* [[Amphetamine|Amphetamine]]
 
* [[Amphetamine|Amphetamine]]

Latest revision as of 22:09, 9 October 2018

Several 10mg Adderall IR pills

Adderall is a commonly prescribed stimulant to treat ADHD and ADD. Adderall is a 3:1 mixture of dextroamphetamine and levoamphetamine. Adderall is commonly found in two forms, IR and XR. IR is instant release, while XR is extended release. Adderall XR releases half of the dosage immediately, and the other half 4 hours later. Adderall, containing amphetamine, is exceedingly similar to other forms of the substance, though with Adderall the constitution and doses are known.

History

Adderall was originally developed from an amphetamine blend drug called Obetrol, prescribed for obesity and weight loss. This drug was a mix of racemic amphetamine (dl-amphetamine), d-amphetamine, and racemic methamphetamine. This made sense, as it was for weight loss, so the peripheral effects of l-amphetamine were actually useful as an anorexic and as a thermogenic. It was later reformulated without the methamphetamine, but also without FDA approval. When Richwood Pharmaceuticals bought Rexar, the company making Obetrol, they rebranded the reformulated Obetrol (without the methamphetamine) as Adderall, and began marketing it for ADD/ADHD.

Dosage

Adderall XR is extended release Around 50% of the dose is released instantly, the other half over the next four hours. Effects take a while to begin, and last much longer.

Oral
Light 5-15mg
Common 15-40mg
Strong 40-75mg
Heavy 75-125+mg
Insufflated
Light 5-10mg
Common 10-30mg
Strong 30-50mg
Heavy 50-80+mg

Duration

Oral
Onset 15-30 minutes
Total (IR) 2-4 hours
Total (XR) 6-10 hours
Insufflated
Onset 1-5 minutes
Total (IR) 2-4 hours
Total (XR) 6-10 hours

Effects

Positive

  • Increased focus
  • Abundance of energy
  • Increased motivation

Negative

  • Racing thoughts
  • Reduced appetite
  • Flushing of the face
  • Increased body temperature
  • Tachycardia (Elevated heart rate)
  • Hypertension (High blood pressure)
  • Paranoia
  • Insomnia

After effects

  • Hangover
  • Afterglow
  • Restlessness
  • Persisting stimulation (5-15 hours after last dose)

Harm Reduction

  • Avoid driving and operating heavy machinery
  • Recommended time (pauses) between using the substance
  • Adderall can be extremely addictive, and abuse can lead to stimulant psychosis, a very dangerous disorder.

Detection Times

  • Blood: 12 hours
  • Hair: 90 days
  • Saliva: 3 days
  • Urine: 1-4 days

Interactions

Adderall can interact negatively with many drugs mainly tramadol, APAP, buproprion, and many anti-depressants.

Adderall mixed with downers like Benzodiazepines can also cause adverse reactions.

Legal status

  • Canada: Schedule I
  • UK: Class B
  • Thailand: Category 1
  • United States: Schedule II

Links

Top Contributors